2012 The Mayan Calendar and the Sun Stone of the Aztecs

2012 has arrived and something is about to happen. Beyond that everyone seems a bit fuzzy on just what significance 2012 and the end of the Mayan calendar have. There is one thing I do know, the round thing that everyone keeps calling a Mayan calendar is an Aztec carving done 500 years after the Classic Mayan civilization had collapsed. Here is the wiki on it.

Based on this, any time I see an article, book or website dealing with the Mayan calendar that uses this image,

Photo By Monique Vreeken, D'noz restaurant, San Pedro La Laguna.













I feel I have gained valuable insight into the credibility of the author.



2012 The Mayan Calendar and the Sun Stone of the Aztecs — 5 Comments

  1. Pingback: Sun Calendar | All Crafts

  2. Thanks for pointing out that the Sun Stone Calendar is Aztec, not Mayan, which most people do not realize.

    At the same time, many of those who do know its true origin are unaware of several correlations between the Sun Stone Calendar, the 260-day Sacred Calendar used by the Maya and other civilizations, and the Ki’che’s Popul Vuh.

    The Tonal Machiotl (the Sun Stone’s name in Nahual, which was used by the Aztecs), was designed at the Great Astronomical Convention of Tenochtitlan in Puebla in 1479. In addition to Aztec priests, it was attended by representatives of the Olmec, Zapotec and Maya. (Source: The 8 Calendars of the Maya, Hunbatz Men: 41) Each contributed knowledge of dates and times of key ceremonies. Other Mexicans, such as the Chollolan, attended the Sun Stone’s unveiling ceremony.

    It also encodes a vast amount of mathematical data (such as pi)0 and chronological knowledge.

    One connection between the Mayan Sacred Calendar and the Sun Stone is the circle of glyphs surrounding the five central suns. It depicts the 20 nahuales, or spirits, that are the core of the 260-day calendar. A second is a series of 13 circles in a carving at the top of the Sun Stone: these represent another key number in the Sacred Calendar’s construction, as thirteen is the number of days in a week (or trecena) of the 260-day calendar.

    Yet another is that when 20 is multiplied by 13, the result is 260.

    The Popul Vuh correspondence is found in the four glyphs of the Sun Stone, where they symbolize four previous world ages, or Suns. These same symbols are described in the Popul Vuh as the previous four world ages. Even though the Sun Stone’s central glyph is the symbol for Ollin (Nahuatl) and Noj’ (Ki’che’ and one of its meanings is earthquake, this calendar — and nowhere else in ancient stelae, murals, friezes or codices painted on deerskin — does it predict the end of the world. (Though, of course, perhaps REM was right after all: the end of the world as we know it.)

    Shay Addams
    7 B’atz, February, 212
    Ocosingo, Mexico

    • Good one Shey, the Mesoamerican calendar had/has a tremendous amount of similarities through many cultures and over a broad time line, just as the “Ball Game” was shared across time and cultures in the Americas. However it still irks me when this image is called Mayan.

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